Overview of C Programming


C might be an organized programming language created by Dennis Ritchie in 1973 at Bell Laboratories.

it's one among the foremost popular computer languages today due to its structure, high-level abstraction, machine independent feature etc.

C language was developed to write down the UNIX OS, hence it's strongly related to UNIX, which is one among the foremost popular network OS in use today and heart of internet data superhighway.


History of C language

C language has evolved from three different structured language ALGOL, BCPL and B Language.

It uses many concepts from these languages while introduced many new concepts such as datatypes, struct, pointer etc.

In 1988, the language was formalised by American National Standard Institute(ANSI). In 1990, a version of C language was approved by the International Standard Organisation(ISO) and that version of C is also referred to as C89.

Here are the lists of programming languages that were developed with or before C:

Programming LanguageDevelopment Year
Regional Assembly Language1951
Autocode1952
IPL (forerunner to LISP)1954
FLOW-MATIC (led by COBOL)1955
FORTRAN (First compiler1957
COMTRAN (precursor to COBOL)1957
LISP1958
ALGOL 581958
FACT (forerunner to COBOL)1959
COBOL1959
RPG1959
APL1962
Simula1962
SNOBOL1962
CPL (forerunner to C)1963
Speakeasy (computational environment)1964
BASIC1964
PL/I1964
JOSS1966
BCPL (forerunner to C)1967

Why C Language is so popular ?

C language might be an incredible language to acquaint yourself with the programming scene, since it might be a basic procedural language which can do ponders.

Programs written in C language takes very less time to execute and almost executes at the speed of programming language instructions.

At first C language was basically utilized for orthography level projects, such as structuring working frameworks, however there are different applications likewise which might be okay planned and created utilizing C language, like Text Editors, Compilers, Network Drivers etc.

  • The C programing language is straightforward to know. Technically, C may be a mid-level language which suggests that it's in close association with both low-level and high-level languages. The application-oriented language characteristic makes it easily relatable to the human language with easy English words and phrases. Fun fact: Sanskrit is considered the foremost suitable language for programming as each and each word in Sanskrit connotes a logical aiming to the compiler.

  • The most important feature of C is that the implementation of varied data types, loops, arrays, functions, structures, unions, macros, user-defined operations, linked lists, stacks and queues, binary trees, hash tables, and pointers.

  • C is the bottom language otherwise you can say, a prerequisite for learning other programming languages. Most of the popularly used programming languages came after the birth of C.

  • C may be a structured (modular) programing language that permits the programmer to interrupt his codes into smaller fragments to enhance the readability of the code and hence make the program less redundant and straightforward.

  • The portability feature of C also plays a crucial role in making it an evergreen language. Who wants to review a language where you can't use an equivalent piece of code on different platforms? C comes with this unique feature that creates our work much easier. Suppose you're a Windows user except for some apparent reasons you would like to modify to Linux. Now, the programs that you simply have written and executed on let’s say, CodeBlocks will work and provides an equivalent output when copied and pasted during a terminal while using LINUX.

  • The C standard library provides you an interesting range of inbuilt functions that eases out things for the programmer.

  • The C programing language helps you to manage memory efficiently because it supports the feature of dynamic memory allocation and bit fields.

Why C is understood because the Mother Language ?

C is one among the oldest and hottest programming languages that's vital to find out so as to step foot within the programming world. The knowledge of programming would be incomplete if you recognize various other languages apart from C.

Only after the arrival of C, other programming languages came into the large picture.

We convey the core concepts of programming with the assistance of looping, arrays, conditional statements, functions, pointers, file handling, and structures in C. Learning to implement these concepts helps you develop a base for programming to unravel complex problems within the end of the day.

Why it's Still utilized in Industries ?

Use of the C programing language widely finds applications in industries due to the subsequent reasons:

Software engineers still use C in embedded systems and compiler design. C is in close association with the machine language that's easily understood by the compiler. Hence, the C language is a channel between the compiler and therefore the OS.

Microsoft Windows and differing types of Android applications are scripted in C.

Programmers use it for designing the GUI (Graphical User Interface). The Adobe Photoshop editor came into existence with the assistance of C. Similarly, other photo editors are often developed with the assistance of the C programing language.

C offers the benefit to the software developer to make new programming languages.

The tremendous speed is one among the salient features of C that permits us to figure faster and is extensively utilized in the gaming and animation sector. Other programming languages like Python and Java are relatively slower than C as they're interpreter based.

Learning C remains Worthwhile

Like we already discussed that the C programing language is taken into account a prerequisite for learning other programming languages because it builds a foundation for beginners to implement advanced concepts.

It would hardly take a month for you to urge familiar with the concepts and syntax of C.

After that, it's a lifelong journey for you to explore the maximum amount as C has got to offer that comes through diligence and practice. this provides the essential answer to your question of reasons to find out C. The working hard part becomes easy to adapt as programming is a stimulating concept to find out and implement.

Latest Version of C

The current most recent rendition of C language is C11, which was presented in 2011. it's supported by all the quality C language compilers.

Many new features are introduced during this version and an overall plan to improve compatibility of the C language with C++ language has been made.